The Present Subjunctive
The present subjunctive expresses a preference, emotion, desire, doubt, possibility. The Spanish present subjunctive is not a tense, it is a mood. Tense refers when an action takes place in the past, present or future, but the mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.
Most of the Spanish Present Subjunctive verbs are built like this…
- Take the yo form from the present indicative.
- Then drop the -o ending.
- Finally, add the following endings:
-e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, en
–er and -ir verbs:
-a, –as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an
Cantar – to sing
Yo Canto (Present indicative right?, well now drop the o, and replaced it for “e” because the infinitive ends with an “ar” )
|Yo||cant e (the “o”has been replaced by “e”)|
|Tu /vos||cant es|
Beber – to sing
Yo Bebo… Now let’s drop the o and change it for a
|Yo||beb a (the “o”has been replaced by “a”)|
|Tu /vos||beb as|
These endings work either for regular and irregular verbs, but the difference between them is that the stem changes in the irregular verbs and in the regular verbs do not.