Stem-Changing verbs (e……i)

Stem-Changing verbs (e……i)

The irregular verbs change their stem in all the forms except for nosotros/as/we and vosotros/as/you forms. Additionally, remember that it is always the last vowel in the stem (what is left after you remove the infinitive marker (-ar-er-ir) that has a vowel change.

The following verbs shows this pattern: how the last vowel of the stem changes e -> i

Servir/ To serve


Subject Pronoun

Verb Form Click on every verb to hear sound

Meaning

(yo) sirvo I follow, I am following, I do follow
(tu) sirves you (fam. sg.) follow, you are following, you do follow
(el, ella, Ud.) sirve he, she, you (pol. sg.) follow(s), he, she, you is/are
following, he, she, you does/do follow
(nosotros/-as) servimos
(vosotros/-as) servis
(ellos/-as, Uds.) sirven

 

Seguir/ To followImportant Note: G………………The letter G before an O, A,U sounds like gota, gato, Gustavo (go, ganster, gustavo) and the letter G before I,E sounds like J. Therefore if you would like to say seguir, without sounding like sejir, you have to add the U like a support to be able to pronounce as it correspond. Other example guitarra, if you don’t want to sound like jitarra, you have to add the U, to sound guitarra.  

This is the reason why….

(SEG) is the Stem and (UIR) is the infinitive. Therefore since it always change the last vowel of the stem, in this case it changes the E for I, the E from the stem SEG.

 

This happens as well with other words but in reverse. For example: corregir, sounds like corregir. Right? So when you conjugate that word,

Yo corrijo ……you change the g for the j, so it doesn’t sound like corrigo

Let’s go back with our stem-changing verb e -> i

Subject Pronoun

Verb Form
(click on each word to hear pronunciation)

Meaning

(yo) sigo I follow, I am following, I do follow
(tu) sigues you (fam. sg.) follow, you are following, you do follow
(el, ella, Ud.) sigue he, she, you (pol. sg.) follow(s), he, she, you is/are
following, he, she, you does/do follow
(nosotros/-as) seguimos we follow, we are following, we do follow
(vosotros/-as) seguis you (fam. pi.) follow, you are following, you do follow
(ellos/-as, Uds.) siguen they, you (pol. pi.) follow, they, you are following, they,
you do follow

The examples below are other irregular verbs that change e………..i

Word

Meaning

Word

Meaning

Competir (i) to compete repetir (i) to repeat
medir (i) to measure elegir (i) to elect
conseguir (i) to obtain, to get seguir (i) to follow
pedir (i) to ask for, to request, to order freír (i) to fry
corregir (i) to correct servir (i) to serve
reír (i) to laugh impedir (i) to prevent, to hinder
despedir (i) to fire


NOTE

Remember that -ir verbs may also have e —* ie and o —* ue changes as shown above.

advertir / to advise, to warn (e — ic)

morir /to die (o —* ue)

Only -ir verbs, however, have the e —* i change.

Gramar note

Certain verbs are “derived” from more basic verbs and are conjugated just like them.

– volver / to return

devolver / to return (something)

pedir/ to ask for

despedir/ to fire

impedir / to prevent, to hinder