Spanish Spelling change tips for Irregular verbs

Spanish Spelling change tips for Irregular verbs

There are also verbs that when you conjugate them you have to change the spelling of them in order to be able to pronounce it more comfortable. This is why we are going to see as well “Tips of spellings bellow”

They are considering irregular because they change, but acually they change in order to get a better pronunciation

  • Verbs ending in –cer proceded by a vowel

These verbs have the “yo” form in –zco . All other forms of the verb in the present e tense have regular endings.

Examples:

Establecer

Yo establezco
Tu estableces
El establece
Nosotros establecemos
Ellos/as establecen

Examples of other verbs ending withcer

Agradecer – to thank Obedecer- to obey
Aparecer –  to appear Ofrecer- to offer
Conocer- to know Parecer- to seem
Crecer – to grow Pertenecer- to belong
Desaparecer – to disappear Reconocer- to recognize
Establecer- to establish Yacer- to lie down
Merecer- to deserve
  • Verbs ending in –ucir proceeded by a vowel

Verbs that end in –ucir also have an irregular yo form ending in -zco and the rest act as regular verbs.

conducir – to drive lucir- to light up, to display
deducir –  to deduce producir- to produce
Inducir- to induce reducir- to reduce
introducir – to introduce traducir- to translate

 

  • Verbs ending in –uir

The following verbs that end in –uir have a “Y” inserted in the first stem of the first, second and third person. Let’s see the example of the verb “concluir “or conclude.

 

Yo concluyo
Tu Concluyes
El conclluye
Nosotros establecemos
Ellos/as Concluimos
  • Verbs ending in –cer or –cir proceeded by a consonant

 

Verbs that end in –cer or cir-, and that are preceded by a consonant, have a spelling change to –z- in the first person singular of the present indicative.

For example

Convencer

Yo convenzo
Tu convences
El convence
Nosotros convencemos
Ellos/as Convencen
  • Verbs ending in –ger and –gir

 

a–   It is pronounced like gather, like gato or cargar

O- It is pronounced like governor, like goma or cargoso

u- It is pronounced like gusano, canguro

e- It is pronounced like her, like proteger, escoger

i- It is pronounced like hit, like corregir, exigir

Therefore when you conjugate the first person “yo” with verbs that end in ger or gir you have to change the “g” with j in order to keep the pronunciation, because of this is taken as an irregular verb.

For example:

Escoger

Yo escojo
Tu escoges
El escoge
Nosotros escogemos
Ellos/as escogen

Corregir

Yo corrijo
Tu corriges
El corrige
Nosotros corregimos
Ellos/as corrigen

Rules for the G:

The letter G before an O, A,U sounds like gota, gato, Gustavo(go, ganster, gustavo) and the letter G before I,E sounds like J. Therefore if you would like to sayseguir, without sounding like sejir, you have to add the U like a support to be able to pronounce as it correspond. Other example guitarra, if you don’t want to sound like jitarra, you have to add the U, to sound guitarra.

This is the reason why….

(SEG) is the Stem and (UIR) is the infinitive. Therefore since it always change the last vowel of the stem, in this case it changes the E for I, the E from the stem SEG.

This happens as well with other words but in reverse. For example:corregir, sounds like corregir.Right? So when you conjugate that word,

Yo corrijo ……you change the g for the j, so it doesn’t sound like corrigo

 

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