Regular Verbs

Regular Verbs

The Spanish regular verbs are classified in 3 conjugations (or classes), according to the final letter letter of their infinitives. The present tense of regular verbs is formed by adding the personal endings to the stem, which is determined by dropping the -ar-, -er-, or -ir- of the infinitive.

CLICK ON EVERY WORD TO LISTEN TO THE AUDIO

Note: “Vosotros” is used only in Spain; it is not common at all in Latin American countries, including my country Argentina.

Spanish conjugation pronunciations

Person Cantar (to sing) Beber (to drink) Partir (To leave)
Yo cant o beb o part o
Tu cant as beb es part es
Usted (a formal tu) cant a beb e part e
El/ella cant a beb e part e
Nosotros cant amos beb emos part imos
Vosotros Cant ais beb eis part is
Ustedes (“you all”) cant an beb en part en
Ellos/Ellas canta n beb en part en

Spanish first conjugation pronunciation

The infinitive ending in -ar- is the first conjugation. In order to form the present regular tense, yo have to drop the infinitive ending -ar-. This produces the “verb stem” . The stem is part of a word; in this case when you drop the -ar- you get the stem:

Cant ar

Cant is the stem.

In Spanish, the verb changes with each person. In regular verbs the stem, never changes and in irregular verbs the stem and no-stem change. The personal endings are the same in every regular verb that ends with -ar-. Please repeat with the audio the following words:

Yo Cant (o) ………….. I sing

Tu cant (as) ……………..You sing. “Tu”, you use it for friends or a young person you don’t know as well. It is more used for non-married or young people.


Usted cant (a) ……………….. You sing, but in a formal way. You would say usted to a married or an elderly person)

el,ella cant (a) ………………..  He/She sings

Nosotros cant (amos) ………….. We sing

Vosotros Cant (ais) –  Used in Spain

Ustedes cant (an) …….(Ustedes would be like “You all” but it works for formal and informal)

Ellos cantan (an) ………….They sing

Source to practice pronunciation: Yahoo Education

In order to start a basic conversation, I recommend to study the following verbs and conjugate them to practice:

Word Meaning Word Meaning
abrazar To embrace, to hug hablar To speak
acabar To finish, to complete hallar To find
admirar To admire limpiar To clean
andar To walk llamar To call
Bailar To dance llegar To arrive
Besar To kiss llevar To wear, to carry
buscar To search mandar To send
caminar To walk manejar To drive
cantar To sing mirar To look at, to watch
charlar To chat nadar To swim
cocinar To cook necesitar To need
comprar To buy pagar To pay for
conjugar To conjugate pasar To spend (time)
cuidar To care for pintar To paint
dejar To leave (something) preparar To prepare
descansar To rest regresar To return
desear To wish terminar To finish
entrar To enter tocar To touch
escuchar To listen to tomar To take (a bus, food)
esperar To wait for, to hope trabajar To work
estudiar To study viajar To travel
gastar To spend visitar To visit
gritar To shout

Resource to practice conjugations Spanish Verbs Drills and pronunciation in Yahoo Education

If you need an exercise to practice the first Spanish conjugation please email me at Spanish please email me at spanishteacheratlanta@gmail.com

Second Spanish conjugation pronunciation

Infinitive verbs ending in -er- are classified as second conjugation verbs. In order to form this conjugation, do not change the stem and drop -er- conjugating by adding the following endings to

Beb er

Beb is the stem. Drop the -er- and conjugate

Yo Beb (o)………..I drink

Usted Beb (e)…….. you (in a formal way) drink

Tu beb (es)….……you drink

El/ella beb (e)……….he/she drinks

Ustedes beb (en) ………. (Ustedes would be like “You all” but it works for formal and informal)

Nosotros beb (emos)…………we drink

Ellos/ellas beb (en) …………..They drink

In order to start a basic conversation, I recommend to study the following verbs and conjugate them to practice:

Word Meaning Word Meaning
Aprender To learn Leer To read
beber To drink Meter To put (into)
comer To eat Poseer To possess
Comprender To understand Romper To break
Correr To run Temer To fear
Creer To believe Vender To sell
Deber To owe

Resource to practice conjugations Spanish Verbs Drills and pronunciation in Yahoo Education

If you need an exercise to practice the second Spanish conjugation please email me at Spanish please email me at spanishteacheratlanta@gmail.com


Third Spanish conjugation pronunciation

Infinitive verbs ending in -ir- are classified as second conjugation verbs. In order to form this conjugation, drop the infinitive ir ,  keep the stem the same and conjugate the verbs with the following endings.

For instance…

Part ir

Yo part (o) ………….. I leave

Tu Part (es) ……………..You leave. “Tu”, you use it for friends or a young person you don’t know as well. It is more used for non-married or young people.

 

Usted Part (e) ……………….. You leave, but in a formal way. You would say usted to a married or an elderly person)

El/Ella Part (e) ………………..  He/She leaves

Nosotros Part (imos) ………….. We leave

Vosotros Part (is) –  Used in Spain

Ustedes Part (en) …….(Ustedes would be like “You all” but it works for formal and informal)

Ellos part (en) ………….They leave

 

In order to start a basic conversation, I recommend to study the following verbs and conjugate them to practice:

Word

Meaning Word

Meaning

abrir To open Escribir To write
admitir To admit Existir To exist
asistir To attend Partir (a  Paris por ejemplo) To leave (to Paris for ex)
Cubrir To cover Permitir To permit
Decidir To decide Recibir To receive
Describir To describe Subir (a) To go up, climb
Descubrir To discover Sufrir To suffer
Discutir To discuss Vivir To live

If you need an exercise to practice the third Spanish conjugation please email me at Spanish please email me at spanishteacheratlanta@gmail.com


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