Spanish pronouns’ examples when “Se” replaces “le”
Try to say “Le lo voy a dar”
Now try to say ” Se lo voy a dar” . Doesn’t it sound better?
Do you understand why le changes to se?If not just send me an email or add me on Skype and I will let you now. See on my contact info.
- Les anotamos las tareas.(We wrote down the homework). As you can see here Les is the Indirect Object, but we haven’t changed yet the direct object. Let’s change it: Se las anotamos. Instead of Le las anotamos, Se las anotmos, where SE is the indirect object… that replaces Le (in order to have a better pronounciation) and where Las is the direct object, which is refered to las tareas.
- Les muestra la moto (He shows them the motocycle) As you can see here Les is the Indirect Object, but we haven’t changed yet the direct object. Let’s change it: Se la mostramos. Instead of Le la mostramos, Se la mostramos, where SE is the indirect object that replaces Le (in order to have a better pronounciation) and where “La” is the direct object, which is refered to la moto
- Les cantan una canción
(They sing them a song)As you can see here Les is the Indirect Object, but we haven’t changed yet the direct object.Let’s change it: Se las cantan. Instead of Les la cantan, Se la cantan, where SE is the indirect object that replaces Les (in order to have a better pronounciation) and where La is the direct object, which is refered to la canción.
Clarification of “SE”
The word “se” can refer to any number of indirect pronouns: him, her, it, them, you…. Just as it is recommended to add a clarification after “le,” if your audience does not know to whom you are referring, it is also recommended to add a clarification after the use of “se” if the indirect object is not clear.
To do so, use “se” as you normally would, then append one of the following to the end of your sentence:
- • a Ud.
- • a él
- • a ella
- • a Uds.
- • a ellos
- • a ellas
- A quien le servimos la cena? -To whom do we serve dinner?.
Se la servimos a ella.
Can you see that is clarified who are we serving to. Specially if we do not have a context involved.
Se might mean to him, to her, a usted…….Therefore when you add a ella, it is more than clear that is A Ella.
First, the verb is servimos. Present of servir. Verb cojugated “Nosotros servimos”
Second, the subject is Nosotros. Although, we do not have the explicit word “Nosotros”, we can infer from the conjugated verb.
Third, Direct Object is cena, what do we serve?
Fourth, Inderect Object is “Se” (before the direct object always) and it replaces “Le” so that we can have a more confortable pronounciation.
Fith, “A ella” (Prepositional pronoun that we have seen at the beginning) clarify the word “Se” which can mean to her, to him, to you, to them, etc.
- A quien le mostramos la casa? (To whom does he show the house?)
“Se” in this case, might mean to you, to him, to her, etc
Se la mostramos a ellos.
When we add a ellos…. it is clear that we are showing the house to THEM.
First mostramos is the verb. Present of mostrar conjugated.
Second, Nosotros is the Subject. You can also say Nosotros se la mostramos, but since you know that the conjuagted verb mostramos, is refered to nosotros, it is not necessary to mention it.
Third, “Se” is the inderect object, replacing “Le” in order to have a better pronounciation.
Fourth, “lo” is the direct object, which is refered to la casa. We know this because we have it on the question.
Fith, “a ellos”, to clarify to which se we are refering, to them, to you, ? in this case, a ellos (a prepositional pronoun)