Spanish irregular preterit Pattern 2

The second pattern of irregular preterits is slightly different. All of the stems of these irregular preterits end in j-, and the third person plural form is -eron.

1.  You have to learn the irregular preterit stem to which you add the Pattern-2 irregular preterit endings.  They will be listed below. All of these verbs have an irregular stem that ends in a j-.

Aatraer I to attract —atraj

conducir / to drive – conduj

decir / to say, to tell —* dij

deducir/ to deduce, to infer —* deduj

distraer / to distract —* distraj

introducir / to introduce —* introduj

producir / to produce —* produj

retraer / to bring back, to dissuade — retraj

sustraer / to subtract, to take away —* sustraj

traducir / to translate – traduj

traer / to bring – traj

2. Add the following irregular preterit tense endings to the irregular stems listed above. You will note that there are no written accents on these endings. The only difference between irregular preterit Pattern-1 and Pattem-2 endings is in the third person plural form. Pattem-2 endings have no -i- in this ending (-eron).

2. Add the following irregular preterit tense endings to the irregular stems listed above. You will note that there are no written accents on these endings. The only difference between irregular preterit Pattern-1 and Pattem-2 endings is in the third person plural form. Pattem-2 endings have no -i- in this ending (-eron).

Decir

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3.  And this would be the result

Decir

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Advice

You will note that the third person singular of the preterit tense ends in a stressed -ó for regular verbs and an unstressed -o for irregular verbs. Do not confuse this verb form with the unstressed -o of the present indicative tense that stands for the first person singular (yo).

Por ejemplo

Yo hablo/ I speak, I am speaking, I do speak

el/ella habló / he, she, you spoke, he, she, you did speak

tuve/ I had, I did have

Tuvo / he, she, you had, he, she, you did have


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