Putting Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns Together

Putting Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns Together

Do you know that Indirect Object and Direct Object can be used together?

The sentences that follow are examples of both object pronouns being used together.

For instance (por ejemplo):

Does Diego give the pictures to you?  Diego te da las fotos a ti (or vos)?

Verb: da . the present of dar, El te da

Who is doing the action dar? Diego. Then Diego is the subject

What about the verb? What does Diego give to you?  Las fotos.  Then fotos is the object.

To Whom Diego give the books? To you, a ti . Therefore, to you or a ti is the inderect object.

Now, using the pronouns….

DoesDiego give them to you ( te )? – ¿Te las da Diego?

Always the Inderect object goes before the Direct Object.

Verb: da . the present of dar, El te da

Who is doing the action dar? Diego. Then Diego is the subject

What about the verb? What does Diego give to you?  Las fotos but it is replaced by them and in Spanish los, in order to avoid repetition when you are in a context.  Then books, THEM or  LOS (in Spanish) is the object.

To Whom Hector give the books? Te or to you. Therefore, to you or the pronoun TE is the inderect object.

Remember the inderect object always comes before the verb and before the direct object.

When you combine the direct and indirect object pronouns in a sentence, you have two options.

• You can put the indirect object pronoun, followed by the direct object pronoun, as two separate words before the verb.
– such as, “Te lo voy a dar.” I’m going to give it to you.

• You can attach the indirect object pronoun and the direct object pronoun onto the end of an infinitive.
– such as, “Voy a dártelo.”             I’m going to give it to you.

Yo need to add the accent on dár in order to keep the pronounciation of the word

Yo can use both of them. It is good to know the different options you have to express yourself.

Indirect and Direct Pronouns used together

Indirect object             Nr of example above
Direct object
me Example Nro. 1 (one)
te Example Nro.  3 (three)
se (le normally) Example Nro.  4 (four)
lo, la 


nos Example Nro. 2 (two)
os We only use it in Spain. I am from Argentina.
se (les normally) Example Nro.  4 (four)
los, las 


In Spanish, the indirect object pronoun will ALWAYS come before the direct object pronoun.

Por ejemplo:

ME

1) Mi maestra me enseña hablar español. (My teacher teaches me to speak Spanish)

Verb: enseña. Present of enseñar.

Subject: Who Teaches Spanish? My teacher. Mi maestra.

Direct Object: What does the teacher teachs? Español.

To Whom does it teach? To me = “Me”

Lets use the Direct Object and Inderect Object together (In context…we already know what we are talking about)

Ella me lo enseña.

Verb: enseña. Present of enseñar.

Subject: Who teaches me Spanish? Ella (Mi maestra, I knew it from before) It is a No prepositional pronoun

Well know let’s analize the Direct Object and Inderect Object together.

me lo

Indirect Object (which always comes first whent the DO and IO work together0: To Whom teaches the teacher? To me = “me”

Direct Object: What does the teacher teaches to me? Español. LO replaces Español, then is the Direct Object.

NOS

2) Mauro y Gonzalo ordenan la casa a nosotros. (Pablo and Gonzalo tidy up the house for us)

Verb: Ordenan. Present of Ordenar. (Tidy up)

Subject: Who is tidying up the house? Mauro y Gonzalo

Direct Object: What are they tidying up? The house. La casa

Indirect Object: To Whom Mauro y Gonzalo are tidying the house? To nosotros (us)

Lets use the Direct Object and Inderect Object together (In context…we already know what we are talking about)

Ellos nos la ordenan.

Verb: Ordenan. Present of Ordenar. (Tidy up)

Subject: Who is tidying up the house? Ellos (Mauro y Gonzalo) No prepositional pronoun

Well know let’s analize the Direct Object and Inderect Object together.

Nos la

Indirect Object (which always comes first whent the DO and IO work together0: To Whom Ellos are tidying the house? To us = Nos is the Indirect Object

Direct Object: What does Ellos are tidying? La casa. LA replaces CASA, then is the Direct Object.

Are we ok ? Let’s keep on practicing

TE

3) Paola repara la computadora para ti (prepositional pronoun)

Verb: Repara. Present of reparar (to repair)

Subject: Who repairs the computer? Paola. Then Paola is the subject.

Direct Object: What does Paola repair? La computadora

Inderect Object: To Whom Paola repairs the computer? To you. Para ti. Then ti is the indirect Object.

Let’s Use only pronouns now!!

Ella te la repara.

Verb: Repara. Present of reparar (to repair)

Subject: (We know the context already) Ella (refers to Paola) it is a Non prepositional pronoun

Lets use the Direct Object and Inderect Object together

Te la

Indirect Object: To Whom Paula repara la computadora? To you= Te is the inderect object.

Direct Object (which always goes after the IO when they are together): What does Paola repairs. LA (which refers to the computer) and is the Direct Object.

4) Jose pide los libros a Mara.

Verb: Pide. Present of pedir (to ask) Present Irregular Verb.

Subject: Who ask the books? Jose. Then Jose is the Subject.

Direct Object: What does Jose pide a Mara? Los Libros. Then Libros is the direct Object.

Inderect Object: To Whom Jose pide los libros? To Mara. Then Mara is the Indirect Object.

Let’s Use only pronouns now!!

Jose le pide los libros a Mara.

If we observe this sentence :

< The verb is still Pide (to ask for)

< The subject is still Jose, what we can replace to El (non prepositional pronoun)

< The indirect object is now LE. Because…To Whom Jose ask for the books? To Mara that is replaced by the pronoun LE.

< But what has happened with the Direct Object is still Libros……..Nothing has been replaced here?

Why?

Let’s see if you replace the Direct Object. In this case would be los (instead of “libros”)…

Jose le los pide a Mara.

Weird right? How it sounds? It doesn’t sound natural?

Therefore, when you use le/les and lo/los together, you have to replace Se for Le, in order to have a commfortable pronounciation. We avoid the twist tonge pronounciation.

Se (this is le normally) indirect object when Le and Lo act together

Let’s see some examples here or Veamos algunos ejemplos aqui….

Click HERE for the examples

 

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