Spanish Nouns (Sustantivos)

Spanish Nouns (Sustantivos)


  • Definition


The Spanish noun is a word that functions as a subject of the sentence, have gender and number. Is often accompanied by definite articles, but can function without them. Spanish nouns are always things, places, people or animals.

Spanish nouns can be defined as words used to describe elements directly, animals or people. These are words are so called because they express a substance or object. Some simple examples of Spanish nouns can be: tren, profesor, gato, silla, jirafa, etc.

El perro camina por la calle

In this example the noun “perro”  is used to assign the canine specimen that excutes an action and the verb related it where he performs the action and under what conditions.  In Spanish, nouns are variable in gender and number.

  • Classification

There are many classifications that can be done about nouns that have various functions, see the most important of them:

Common nouns: name the persons, animals or things of the same species. For example, gato, perro, abogado, pianista, etc

Proper nouns: they serve to distinguish individuals by gender, class or kind and are always written capitalized. For example, Alfredo, Pedro, Carolina, Paris, Estados Unidos, Argentina, etc.

Concrete nouns: name the things that can be perceived through the senses.  Por ejemplo, mesa, casa, perro, lapiz, etc

Abstract nouns: name the things that can not be perceived by the senses. Por ejemplo, inteligencia, lealtad, conveniencia, etc


  1. Spanish Masculine Nouns

  2. Spanish Femenine Nouns


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