Examples: Spanish Verbs that end in car, gar and zar

Examples: Spanish Verbs that end in car, gar and zar

Examples of verbs that end in car

In order to maintain the hard c sound (like a k), we use qu instead of c in all forms of the present subjunctive for any verb whose infinitive form ends in – car.

The table bellow, table 1, provides the subjunctive forms of common – car verbs. Because the él form is the same as the yo form, it is not listed.

InfinitiveSubjunctive Endings
tocar (to touch)toque, toques, toquemos, toquéis, toquen
significar (to mean)signifique, signifiques, signifiquemos, signifiquéis, signifiquen
sacar (to take out)saque, saques, saquemos, saquéis, saquen
publicar (to publish)publique, publiques, publiquemos, publiquéis, publiquen
pescar (to fish)pesque, pesques, pesquemos, pesquéis, pesquen
masticar (to chew)mastique, mastiques, mastiquemos, mastiquéis, mastiquen
marcar (to mark)marque, marques, marquemos, marquéis, marquen
justificar (to justify)justifique, justifiques, justifiquemos, justifiquéis, justifiquen
indicar (to indicate)indique, indiques, indiquemos, indiquéis, indiquen
fabricar (to make)fabrique, fabriques, fabriquemos, fabriquéis, fabriquen
explicar (to explain)explique, expliques, expliquemos, expliquéis, expliquen
empacar (to pack)empaque, empaques, empaquemos, empaquéis, empaquen
educar (to educate)eduque, eduques, eduquemos, eduquéis, eduquen
destacar (to stand out)destaque, destaques, destaquemos, destaquéis, destaquen
dedicar (to dedicate)dedique, dediques, dediquemos, dediquéis, dediquen
comunicar (to communicate)comunique, comuniques, comuniquemos, comuniquéis, comuniquen
colocar (to place, to put)coloque, coloques, coloquemos, coloquéis, coloquen
clasificar (to classify)clasifique, clasifiques, clasifiquemos, clasifiquéis, clasifiquen
clarificar (to clarify)clarifique, clarifiques, clarifiquemos, clarifiquéis, clarifiquen
buscar (to seek)busque, busques, busquemos, busquéis, busquen
aplicar (to apply)aplique, apliques, apliquemos, apliquéis, apliquen
aparcar (to park)aparque, aparques, aparquemos, aparquéis, aparquen

 

Examples of verbs that end in gar

In order to maintain the hard g sound (like the g in “go”), we use gu instead of g in all forms of the present subjunctive for any verb whose infinitive form ends in – gar.

The second table shows the g to gu spelling change in all forms of the subjunctive. If the verb is a stem-changer, the change will be apparent in all forms except for nosotros/nosotras. Since the él form is the same as the yo form, it is not listed.

InfinitiveSubjunctive Endings
agregar (to add)agregue, agregues, agreguemos, agregu‚is, agreguen
ahogar (to drown)ahogue, ahogues, ahoguemos, ahogu‚es, ahoguen
apagar (to extinguish, to turn off)apague, apagues, apaguemos, apagu‚is, apaguen
cargar (to load)cargue, cargues, carguemos, cargu‚is, carguen
castigar (to punish)castigue, castigues, castiguemos, castigu‚is, castiguen
colgar (to hang)cuelgue, cuelgues, colguemos, colgu‚is, cuelguen
encargar (to put in charge)encargue, encargues, encarguemos, encargu‚is, encarguen
entregar (to hand over)entregue, entregues, entreguemos, entregu‚is, entreguen
jugar (to play)juegue, juegues, juguemos, jugu‚is, jueguen
llegar (to arrive)llegue, llegues, lleguemos, llegu‚is, lleguen
madrugar (to rise early)madrugue, madrugues, madruguemos, madrugu‚is madruguen
negar (to deny)niegue, niegues, neguemos, negu‚is, nieguen
obligar (to obligate)obligue, obligues, obliguemos, obligu‚is, obliguen
pegar (to hit)pegue, pegues, peguemos, pegu‚is, peguen
regar (to water a plant)riegue, riegues, reguemos, regu‚is, rieguen
rogar (to beg)ruegue, ruegues, roguemos, rogu‚is, rueguen
segar (to mow the lawn)siegue, siegues, seguemos, segu‚is, sieguen
tragar (to swallow)trague, tragues, traguemos, tragu‚is, traguen
vagar (to wander)vague, vagues, vaguemos, vagu‚is, vaguen

 

Examples of verbs that end in zar

Infinitives ending in-zar, for example, start with, “z”is changed to the letter “c”when it appears before the letter “e “.

This spelling change occurs in every subjunctive conjugated form of any verb that ends in – zar.

Let’s see an example Abrazar (Veamos un ejemplo con abrazar)

Abrazar/ To Hug

SubjectVerbSubjectVerb
yoabracenosotros/nosotrasabracemos
tuabracesvosotros/vosotrasabrace‚is
‚elabraceellosabracen
ellaabraceellasabracen
ustedabraceustedesabracen

Common Verbs That End in – zar and Their Subjunctive Forms

 

Common Verbs That End in -ÿzarÿand Their Subjunctive Forms
InfinitiveSubjunctive Endings
abrazar (to hug)abrace, abraces, abracemos, abrace‚is, abracen
autorizar (to authorize)autorice, autorices, autoricemos, autorice‚is, autoricen
alcanzar (to reach)alcance, alcances, alcancemos, alcance‚is, alcancen
almorzar (to eat lunch)almuerce, almuerces, almorcemos, almorce‚is, almuercen
amenazar (to threaten)amenace, amenaces, amenacemos, amenace‚is, amenacen
avanzar (to advance)avance, avances, avancemos, avanc‚eis, avancen
comenzar (to begin)comience, comiences, comencemos, comence‚is, comiencen
empezar (to begin)empiece, empieces, empecemos, empece‚is, empiecen
gozar (to enjoy)goce, goces, gocemos, goce‚is, gocen
lanzar (to throw)lance, lances, lancemos, lance‚is, lancen
organizar (to organize)organice, organices, organicemos, organice‚is, organicen
realizar (to fulfill)realice, realices, realicemos, realice‚is, realicen
rezar (to pray)rece, reces, recemos, rece‚is, recen
simbolizar (to symbolize)simbolice, simbolices, simbolicemos, simbolic‚eis, simbolicen
trazar (to trace)trace, traces, tracemos, trace‚is, tracen
tropezar (to stumble)tropiece, tropieces, tropecemos, tropece‚is, tropiecen