Complex sentences

Complex sentences

The complex sentences are formed by more than one idea, and have more than one verb in the sentence. Complex sentences describe more than one thing or idea and have more than one verb in them.

For example:

A mi mama le gustan los perros que no ladran

A……. Preposition = “to”

Mi….. Posesive Adjetive (Type of adjetive) = (My)

Mama ……….Subject = (mom)

Gustan…….verb Gustar= likes Gustan is the plural of Gusta but is plural, therefore gustan. If would have been, el gato (the cat), le gusta el gato.

Que….Relative pronouns (Type of pronouns)

No…….negative (don’t)

Ladran….Verb in plural the dogs.

Unusual Sentences

Are the ones for example that the subject is not mentions, but it is understood in the sentence. Por ejemplo:

Esta en el auto. He is in the car

Verb estar………(to be)

Who is in the car???  El or Ella. Generally, you would realize who is the subject we are talking about in a context.

Simple Subject and compound subject

The subject is the person, animal or thing of which something is being said. It is a construction with nucleus noun, since the main word of the subject is substantive the pronoun that replaces it. To the main noun of the subject or to the pronoun that replaces it, is called the nucleus of the subject and it can be accompanied by different a construction that accompanies it, called modifiers.

According to the amount of nucleus, the subjects of the sentences that have  two-parts structure can be classified in: * Simple subject (SS): they have only a nucleus. * Compound subject (SC): they have more of a nucleus.

Ejemplos:

Mis perros esperan su alimento

Mis Posesive noun

Perros (dogs) …….Simple Subject

Esperan- simple present verb (wait)

Su-  posesive noun (their)

Alimento (food)

Bobbi y Puppi esperan su alimento

Bobbi y Puppi- (Bobbi and Puppi)…….. Compound subject