Category: Imp vs Preterit

Introduction of the diference between the Preterite and Imperfect

Introduction of the diference between the Preterite and Imperfect Understanding the use of the imperfect and the indefinite (pretérito indefinido) requires a learning process that does not last a day, a week or two. It takes time. I have advanced students, non-natives, who continue to make mistakes with respect to this issue. The best way to learn the process is writing, reading and listening in Spanish. The progress of the students that I have seen on this subject has been with spending time writing, reading, listening and speaking in Spanish, in short, with practice. In the…

Other Uses

Other Uses In a present context, the imperfect refers to an earlier speech: You thought I didn’t know it, right? ¿Creías que no lo sabía, eh? When you want to give advice You should….. – Deberías correr mas (You should run more) – Tendrías que comer mas (You should eat more) – Mainly is deberias and tendrias, there is not much ways to give an advice Polite way of asking something Quería un paquete de cigarrillos por…

When you want to use an excuse

When you want to use an excuse Also you can use the preterite indefinido and the imperfect when you want to give an excuse from something. Let’s see an example so that we can understand what we are talking about. La mama le pregunta a Juan ¿Por qué faltaste a clase hoy? La maestra me llamo.  (the mom asks Juan,Why didn’t you go to school today? Porque tenía que ayudar…

Situations where you use the imperfect and indefinite in the same sentence

Situations where you use the imperfect and indefinite in the same sentence These are cases where the “indefinido” and the imperfect work together or are shown together. 1)      In the first case you will find in the same sentence a description and an action. Let’s see an example: Cuando trabajaba como modelo, corte con Juan. (When I used to work as a model I broke up with Juan) You can see in the first…

Action completed, Spot (undefined) and durative action (imperfect)

Action completed, Spot (undefined) and durative action (imperfect) This aspect considers the past tense is a past action, seen as a particular point made ​​in the past, while imperfect is also a past action but regarded as durative, without specifying the beginning or end of the action. It should be emphasized that the imperfect doesn’t tells us if the action has been finished or not. Generally the durative action can be seen in the stories. Here is an example and discussed below: Story: La naturaleza de la mente Se 1) trataba de un hombre que 2) llevaba muchas horas viajando a…

Depending the context the use imperfect vs preterit

Depending the context the use imperfect vs preterit Studied by Blanca Palacio Alegre. HERE From this perspective both can be used grammatically, but it depends on what you want to express. Ayer iba a la farmacia, y cuando cruzaba/crucé la calle, escuché una voz que me llamaba.   a) Crucé means, ya estaba del otro lado de la calle, cuando escuché la voz.  (that youw were at the other side…

Exercise D

Exercise D Now print the following graphic and fill in the blanks: Source by Palacio Alegre  

Exercise C

Exercise C C. The time has passed for the six situations you have just worked. Imagine a day later (or a week, a month, a year … does not matter), are now past situations. Someone asks the following questions about each situation. Complete answers to the most appropriate verb tense in each case: preterito indefinido o preterito imperfecto Attention: Try to solve Scenario 1 and Scenario 2 without the help of your teacher. Then he/she will correct your answers but won’t give you more information. Then complete the rest of situations and try to find out when we use past imperfect or preterit indefinite, “travel to the…

Exercise B

Exercise B B. Now imagine you live in the six situations that you have read before. Put yourself in the scene, when it happens, and responds with the most appropriate verb tense in each case. Most of the excuses are the same as you have already worked in previous classes or lessons. Attention: When we talk about the things happening around us at that very moment, are not always possible to express them once they occur. So to talk about the current situation not only use the present simple but also the present perfect tense or past simple Examples: I’m leaving…

Exercise A

Exercise A A. We will look for possible reasons to explain the following situations. Why these things occur? Choose the box below the four excuses suitable for every situation and write them below. Recommendations to add in the exercise below Por enfadarme con mis amigos Por no tener dinero para un taxi Por no tener saldo Por no tener suficiente dinero Por perder mi agenda Por estar cansado Por estar  borracho Por no ser mi talla Por estar en clase Por cambiar de…