Category: Past Tense

Spanish Imperfect tense

The Spanish Imperfect tense beyond other uses (that we will see later) , the preterite imperfect it is used to describe habits, customs and circumstances en a moment from the past. The preterite imperfect is equivalent to the Present (habitual) but referred to the past. It has their own grammar: trabajar comer vivir (yo) trabaj-aba com-ía viv-ía (tú) trabaj-abas com-ías viv-ías (usted, él, ella) trabaj-aba com-ía viv-ía (nosotros, trabaj-ábamos com-íamos viv-íamos (vosotros,…

Verbs with i ______ y change in the preterite

There is another group of verbs that have the change i — y in the preterit in the third person singular and plural. This change occurs because the unstressed i appears between two vowels. The following conjugation illustrates this spelling change. Note that in all of the other forms of the verb, there is a written accent over the í. Leer The following verbs follow the same pattern: There is…

Spelling change verbs that end in -zar

Organizar The verbs below follow the same partner:

Spelling verbs verbs that end in -car

Buscar The verbs below follow the same pattern as buscar:

Spanish preterite. Spelling change verbs that end in -gar

Por ejemplo: Llegar The verbs bellow follow this pattern:

Spelling Changes in the Preterite

Certain verbs have spelling changes in some forms of the preterit tense. There are three types of spelling changes as shown here. It must be remembered that the endings for each verb are completely regular and that they all follow the pattern for regular -ar preterit verbs. 1. Verbs that end in -gar, the first person singular (yo) form is -gué. 2. Verbs that end in -car, the first person…

Spanish preterite – totally irregular

The Preterit of Ir / to go and Ser / to be The preterit of the verbs ir / to go and ser / to be are conjugated in the same way. You will also note that the first and third persons singular are different from the irregular preterit patterns noted above. I will provide conjugations of both verbs here. You will need context to distinguish the meaning. Ir /…

Spanish irregular preterit Pattern 2

The second pattern of irregular preterits is slightly different. All of the stems of these irregular preterits end in j-, and the third person plural form is -eron. 1.  You have to learn the irregular preterit stem to which you add the Pattern-2 irregular preterit endings.  They will be listed below. All of these verbs have an irregular stem that ends in a j-. Aatraer I to attract —atraj conducir…

Irregular preterit Pattern 1

Learn the irregular preterit stem to which you add the Pattern-1  irregular preterit endings.  They are listed below: andar / to walk —> anduv estar / to be —* estuv tener / to have —* tuv caber I to fit —* cup saber/to know — sup hacer / to do, to make —* hic– (hiz- in third person singular) querer / to want —* quis venir / to come —> vin- poder / can,…

Irregular preterits

The preterit tense has some irregular forms characterized by an irregular stem and irregular endings. There are two basic patterns that we will show bellow. It should be noted that irregular preterit verbs do not have written accents.   Irregular preterit Pattern 1   Irregular preterit Pattern 2