Category: Sentence structure

b) Atone pronouns (pronombres átonos)

Definición: The atonic personal pronouns function as complemento directo orindirecto (direct or indirect object), or as part of the verbos pronominales(verbs with an obligatory atonic pronoun). Ex: maquillarse (to put on makeup), él se afeita (he shaves). These pronouns are enclíticos when the ‘se’ comes after the verb (ex:sentarse (to sit down)). They are proclíticos when the ‘se’ comes before the verb (ex: me siento (I sit down)). Unstressed personal pronouns are personal pronouns which have the function of director indirect object complement. Types of Atone personal pronouns…

a) Tonic (pronombres tonicos)

Definición: The tonic pronouns are those that can function as: Sujeto (subject): yo vengo (I come), tú comes (you eat), él canta (he sings), nosotros dormimos (we sleep), ellas juegan (they [fem] play)… Atributo (attribute): mis padres son ellos (my parents are those) Complemento preposicional (prepositional complement): mi tía viene conmigo (my aunt’s coming with me)…   Tonics personal pronouns are those that can function as a subject (TU sabrás) and attribute (Los culpables son ellos) or as a term of preposition (Mi hermano vendra con nosotros.) Below is…

Gender of the Spanish nouns

Gender of the Spanish nouns Spanish Masculine Nouns Spanish Femenine Nouns There are three types of genders, masculine, feminine and neutral, and the Spanish nouns have different ways to distinguish if they are feminine or masculine and some ways you have to learn them by heart. Let’s see the different ways… (Click on each one to see the lesson) Spanish nouns for Living Creatures Spanish nouns for non-living creatures  

Prepositions with their own meaning

Prepositions with their own meaning   There are prepositions with their own meaning, others with meaning from the context, and others, without any meaning. Some prepositions have their own inherent meaning .   For example (Por ejemplo): sin: indicates company denied, lack, lack, and so on. bajo: designate an inferior, submissive, and so on. sobre: means ‘above’, ‘about’, approach, and so on. atrás: refers to a place or space after ante: means ‘before’, “Regarding” to the situation. But often, the same preposition gives different meanings, we deduce from the…

Definition and Characteristics

Spanish Prepositions Prepositions constitute kind of closed word. The Spanish prepositions are:  are a closed word class. The Spanish prepositions are: a, ante, bajo, con, contra, de, desde,  en, entre, hacia, hasta,  para, por, según, sin, sobre , tras, durante y mediante.   Characteristics The words are unstressed. (Except “según”) These words are unchanged (not have endings) They can never act with syntactic autonomy   Functions Its function is to associate words with syntactic autonomy to liaise between them. The relation established is always subordinate…

Spanish preposition “Por”

Spanish preposition “Por” Definition Like a balancing scale, “por” is the great equalizer. You can often feel the equality on either side of por. We trade things because they are perceived to be of equal value. When we say how long something lasts, we are equating the action with a certain amount of time. When we substitute one person or thing for another, we consider the two to have equal…

Spanish preposition “Para”

Spanish preposition “Para”  

Spanish preposition “Para”

Spanish preposition “Para” Like an arrow, para moves the sentence forward, away from its original location to a specific destination, and usually in a direct, straight route. This leads us straight to our delineation of para. Definition Generally Para= For (not always; depends on the use) The preposition Para expresses purpose, destination, comparison, end of period, comparison, contrast: Ejemplos: Esta herramienta no sirve para nada. (This tool is no longer good for…

Spanish preposition “Mediante y Durante”

Spanish preposition “Mediante y Durante” Spanish preposition “Durante” The Spanish preposition “Durante” means durinng, with a timeframe or event following. Let’s see some examples where you can use the Spanish preposition “Durante”. Durante la manana/tarde/noche…. During the morning, afternoon, night Durante su vida………During his life Durante la guerra……….During the war Durante el ano ……………During the year Durante la dictadura….….During the dictatorship The paradigm of prepositions are also the words in and through, from participles in the present. Their inclusion in the group of…

Spanish preposition “Hasta”

Spanish preposition “Hasta” Definition HASTA= up to, until – when referring to WHERE or WHEN. The preposition “Hasta” indicates a termination point of th action of a verb indicating the place or time: La pareja estará unida hasta la muerte. (The couple will be united until death do them part) No pares hasta que llegues a la cima. (Do not stop until you reach the top) Ella tiene arena hasta abajo de las unas. (She has sand even under the nails) Continua estudiando hasta…