Sentences with only two possibilities: indicative / subjunctive
Definition of Verbos Asertivos
Assertive verbs comes from the word Afirmation. The authors support their thesis on the analysis of other syntactic structures that are involved strong assertive verbs (such as amenazar, contar, decir) and weak assertive verbs (comentar, entender, opinar). In the first case the insertion of the preposition makes this type of weak assertive verbs, which implies a decrease in the level of assertion. In “Se dice que volverá”,for example, the subordinate clause is not necessarily interpreted as a statement. It also lowers the assertion when accompanying a verb preposition assertive “Se”.
a. Me dijo que ayuda a los pobres. (Infinitive) He told me he helps poor people
b. ¡Te he dicho (decir) que hagas tu cama de una vez! I have told you to lay the bed!
c. Me dijo que ayude (Subjunctive in Spanish) los pobres . He told me to help poor people.
Assertive verbs + Que + Indicative
Me dijo que cocinara
The definition of assertive verbs is above, but the only assertive verb that works with the Subjunctive in Spanish is the verb “Decir”
Me dijo que cocinara
El le dijo a ella que cantara
Te he dicho que te calles!
If you use it with the infinitive has another connotation for example
Me dijo que cocinara – He told me to cook . Me dijo que cocina – He told me that he cooks
El le dijo a ella que cantara – She told her to sing – El le dijo a ella que canta – He told her that he sings
Te he dicho que te calles! I have told you to shut up! – Te he dicho que calla – I told you that he keeps silence
Consider what would happen if the verb was denied:
1.a. No me dijo que ayuda/ayude a los pobres
1.b. No te he dicho que hagas tu cama .
As in 1.b is not produced any modification (except, obviously that denial of the main verb), in 1a is a noticeable change: the main verb now induces two modes:
1.a. Indicativo: No me dijo que ayuda a los pobres
1.a. Subjuntivo: No me dijo que ayude a los pobres
In the first case it says that he didn’t say that he helps the poor people, and in the seconde case it says that he didn’t tell me to help the poor people.