(2) Spanish Indirect Object Pronouns

(2) Spanish Indirect Object Pronouns

 

An indirect object is the person or thing for whom an action is being or has been performed, usually indicated in English by the words “to” or “for.”

Jenny is writing a letter to her father.

The subject in this sentence is “Jenny,” and the verb is “is writing.” The direct object is “letter.” The indirect object—the person or thing for whom the action is being performed—is “father.”

Jenny is writing a letter to him.

Him refers to Jenny’s father. In this sentence, the indirect object noun has been replaced by a pronoun.

You can do the same thing in Spanish, if you know the indirect object pronouns.

Singular
Plural
me
me
nos
us
te
you
os
you
le
you, him, her, it
les
you, them

Unlike in English, the indirect object pronouns go directly before the verb. If the sentence is negative (has a “no” in it), the indirect object pronoun still goes directly before the verb.

Examples

No voy a invitar a Mara y Nick a la fiesta.
– I’m not going to invite Mara and Nick to the party.
No les voy a invitar a la fiesta.

Who is not going to invite them to the party? yo (which is implicit in this sentence with the verb voy – Yo voy) Then yo is the subject

What or Who are you not going to invite? Mara y Nick or Les (them) for the pronoun)

Can you see that les (the pronoun) goes first than the verb. Les voy

– I’m not going to invite them (pronoun which in Spanish goes first Les) to the party.

3. Lupe está hablando con nosotros
– Lupe is talking to us.
Lupe nos está hablando.
– Lupe is talking to us.

Us=to nos, but remember that nos goes before the verb.

Click HERE for examples of IO Pronouns