(1) Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Just like English, the Spanish language has direct object pronouns, words that replace the direct object. This is to avoid repetition, so that we don’t say things like “Maria was at the bank today. When I saw Maria I smiled.” It’s much more natural to say “Maria was at the bank today. When I saw her I smiled.” The same works in Spanish. Let’s say the same example in Spanish “Maria estuvo en el banco hoy. Cuando vi a Maria yo sonreí “. It is more natural not to repeat Maria, therefore the example in Spanish without repetition would be: ” Maria estuvo en el banco hoy. Cuando la vi yo sonreí”
How we recognize a Direct Object?
Always, isolate the verb, then ask yourself who performed the action? would be the subjuct and in order to identified the direct object, you ask to yourself what or who about the verb? the answer would be the direct pronoun.
For instance (por ejemplo):
Cuando la vi yo sonreí.
Verb: vi (the past of the verb VER) and sonreí past of SONREIR.
Who did perfom both actions in this case? I did, Yo (la vi y yo sonrei)
What did you see? what about the verb? Maria but in order not to repeat you put “la” which would be the pronoun.
Did you get it?
Let’s see other example:
Pedro siguio a Juan.
Verb: seguir (past of seguir)
Who follow? Pedro, then Pedro is the subject
What about the verb? Who or what did Pedro follow? Juan, therefore is the direct object
But now let’s see how you use the pronoun
Pedro lo siguio
Verb: Siguio (past of seguir)
Who follow? Pedro, then Pedro is still the subject.
Lo (replace a Juan) is the pronoun that replace a subject.
One thing to remember is that the pronoun comes immediately before the conjugated verb.
Type of Direct Object pronouns:
|Yo||me (me)||nos (us)||Nosotros|
|Él, Usted (male)
|lo (him)||los (them, you-all)||Ellos, Ustedes
[“those things” masculine]
|Ella Usted (female)
|la (her)||las (them, you all)||Ellas, Ustedes
[“those things” feminine]